What is Irritable Bowel
•Irritable Bowel SynIrritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common disorders of digestive system producing a spectrum of symptoms such as persistent and recurring abdominal pain associated with passing of motion, change of bowel habit (diarrhea, constipation, or alternate diarrhea and constipation), etc. without any apparent cause.
•Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the disorder of function, which means that the bowel doesnt work, as it should. If one visualizes the bowel, it appears perfectly normal without any inflammation or other structural changes. In people with IBS, the intestines squeeze too hard or not hard enough and cause food to move too quickly or too slowly through the intestines.
•Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) tends to be mild in most cases; however it can be disabling in some of the severe cases.
•Most of the patients can manage irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) well if they learn to control their diet and modify lifestyle along with opting for proper treatment.
•IBS though affect people of all ages and both the sexes; it is more common in young people usually in late adolescence or early adulthood. The condition is almost to three times common In females as compared to males.
- Symptoms of Irritable Bowel syndrome
- Causes of Irritable bowel syndrome
- Risk factors of Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- Diagnosed of Irritable Bowel syndrome.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic disease and the presentation varies from case to case. The duration, severity and type of symptoms are all individual-specific. In some cases, the symptoms may be mild and persistent at all times. In other cases, the symptoms may come up only during times of stress and then disappear completely.
1. Altered bowel movements/habits: Some people with IBS have constipation (difficult or infrequent bowel movements, hard stools); others have diarrhea (frequent loose stools, often with an urgent need to move the bowels); and some people experience both, for example several weeks of constipation followed by a few days of diarrhea.
The diarrhea typically occurs immediately after a meal or when getting up in the morning. Sometimes people with IBS pass mucus with their bowel movements.
2. Abdominal pain and cramps:The abdominal discomfort of an irritable bowel ranges from sharp, cramp to a continuous, dull ache.
Common sites of pain include the lower abdomen, specifically the left lower quadrant. Meals may precipitate pain while pain is commonly relieved by defecation.
3. Gas formation, bloating, and abdominal distention:
4. Urgency Sometimes the person with IBS has a cramp and an urge to move the bowels but cannot do so.
5. Sensation of incomplete evacuation: The patient feels like he still needs to have a bowel movement after he has already had one.(incomplete evacuation)
6. Extra-colonial symptoms: Nausea (with or without vomiting), feeling full after eating only a small meal, difficulty swallowing, a sensation of a lump in the throat or a closing of the throat, heartburn or acid indigestion, chest pain, sensation of urinary urgency, incomplete emptying after urinating, fatigue and generalized body ache or muscular pains, and pain during sexual intercourse.
Bleeding, fever, weight loss, and persistent severe pain are not symptoms of IBS but may indicate other problems.
Homoeopathy effectively manages various symptoms of IBS gently and safely.
Patients of IBS report of increasing symptoms during the events of stress and many patient with IBS report that their symptoms began during periods of major life stressors such as a divorce, death of a loved one, school exams, or after moving to a new job city. Maximum of the patient’s exhibit range of emotional disturbance including anxiety, depression, and neurosis. It is a known fact that our emotions and the intestines are closely connected by nerve fibers that control the functioning of the intestines. It is believed that in IBS the communication between brain and gut may be impaired
2.Sensitivity to food:
Symptoms of IBS have also been known to be triggered by the ingestion of certain foods to which the individual is sensitive. Chocolate, milk products, caffeine, or large amounts of alcohol are frequent offenders. One theory states that lack of fiber in the diet can have detrimental effect. This lack of fiber causes irregular contractions of the large intestines. Bloating and gases may be triggered by the intake of certain vegetables, fruits and carbonated drinks. Symptoms of IBS have also been known to be triggered by the ingestion of certain foods to which the individual is sensitive. Chocolate, milk products, caffeine, or large amounts of alcohol are frequent offenders. One theory states that lack of fiber in the diet can have detrimental effect. This lack of fiber causes irregular contractions of the large intestines. Bloating and gases may be triggered by the intake of certain vegetables, fruits and carbonated drinks.
3.Genetics and heredity
Some studies indicate that there are more chances of IBS running in a family.It is believed that there are some inborn tendencies of an individual that make him/her react adversely to stress or certain food and resulting in IBS.
4. Other disease conditions
An acute infection of the intestines (such as infectious diarrhea) can trigger irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms.
Many patients of IBS report worsening of their symptoms following use of some of the conventional medicines like antibiotics, steroids, anti-inflammatory medicines etc.
6.Researchers have also found that women with IBS may have more symptoms during their menstrual periods, suggesting that reproductive homes can increase Symptoms .
Inflammatory bowel disease usually begins before the age of 30. But, it can occur at any age, and some people may not develop the disease until their 50s or 60s.
You&re at higher risk if you have a close relative, such as a parent, sibling or child, with the disease.
Cigarette smoking is the most important controllable risk factor for developing Inflammatory Bowel
disease. It leads to more-severe symptoms and higher risk of complications.
4.Some pain relievers.
These medications include ibuprofen, naproxen (Aleve) and aspirin. These medications have been shown to cause gastrointestinal ulceration and may make existing IBD worse. Acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) does not have this effect.
5.Where you live.
If you live in an urban area or in an industrialized country, you’re more likely to develop IBD. Because IBS occurs more often among people living in cities and industrial nations, it may be that environmental factors, including a diet high in fat or refined foods, play a role in IBS.
•Blood tests: To detect, iron deficiency anemia or Infections.
•Stool sample: WBC’s in stools indicates of IBS